The official language and the rights of the persons belonging to national minorities in the area of education

The official language and the rights of the persons belonging to national minorities in the area of education | Roxana PRISACARIU

Summary: The study analyzes the characteristics of the official language and the compulsory character of acquiring Romanian. Given the fact that new regulations appeared in the last year in the area of education, the research focuses especially on the special measures in the field of education. In terms of convenience, the study notices the tendency to move away from the guidelines emphasized in the Hague Recommendations from 1996, which suggest a gradual increase, starting with the last grades of primary education and gradually throughout secondary education, of the number of subjects taught in the official language. Given this reason, the author proposes that the current system that allows parents the choice of one of the two mainly unilingual models could become more flexible by introducing the possibility to study also other subjects in the second language. Finally, the study outlines the substantial differences regarding the concrete possibilities to use the special disposition in the area of education between
the members of Hungarian or of Roma minorities.

Keywords: national minorities, linguistic rights, official language, special measures, education

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The official language and the rights of the persons belonging to national minorities in the area of education